What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a brain injury, which could negatively affect normal brain function. The effects are usually temporary and minor concussions can get better with time. Serious concussions, however, need regular treatment as they can lead to other problems including paralysis.
Most minor concussions can cause headaches, lack of concentration, memory loss, coordination and balance. Generally, a concussion is caused by suffering a blow to the head, shaking the head violently can cause concussion especially in young children.
A concussion is widespread and common among athletes playing soccer, basketball and any other contact sport. Most people recover from a concussion on their own in minor cases but some major head injuries can cause a serious concussion that needs the right treatment.
When is the Right Time to see a Doctor After Concussion
Sometimes even after a serious brain injury, you might not have any visible signs immediately. Symptoms of a concussion can appear after a few hours or a few days after the injury. If you have a headache, nausea, amnesia even a minor one, and confusion then it is time to pay a visit to a doctor to get the concussion checked out. Other signs and symptoms to watch out for after a concussion are:
- Ringing the ears
- A headache and feeling pressure in your head
- Temporary loss of consciousness
- Slurred speech
- Sensitivity to light and noise
Diagnosis of a Concussion
When you have the signs and symptoms of a concussion, visit your doctor for a thorough checkup and correct diagnosis. The doctor will evaluate all your signs, review your medical history and sometimes suggest a neurological examination. Please note that you might not have any symptoms that point to a concussion, however, they can appear suddenly. Hence getting a treatment on time for concussion is necessary to avoid complications.
Treatment for Concussion
Rest is the best way to treat the concussion if the doctor diagnosis a minor concussion. You have to avoid physical activity that can put a strain on the injury. Avoid stress and try to stay calm mentally to avoid worsening the symptoms. Essentially the doctor might recommend avoiding sports and workouts.
Reduce thinking and stressing out over different issues. Avoid spending too much time on a mobile phone, television and a computer. If you need some time off work or school then it’s recommended to take a few days off. When the symptoms start to wear off, the doctor might suggest light exercise like a walk. Once all the signs of a concussion are gone, the doctor might recommend that you consider a minor workout, try reading a book and avoid mobile phone and computers as much as possible.
If you have headaches and nausea, talk to your doctor. You might need medications for concussion treatment to help with headaches, dizziness, and nausea. Paracetamol might be used to help with the sharp headaches. Avoid using aspirin and ibuprofen as they can lead to bleeding.